Egg production in Europe is a key pillar of agriculture, with a rich history and a significant contribution to the economy. Across the continent, a diverse array of egg producers, from small-scale family farms to large-scale commercial operations, play a crucial role in meeting the growing demand for eggs. In this article, we explore the landscape of chicken egg production in Europe, shining a spotlight on the largest producers driving innovation, sustainability, and growth in the industry.

Chicken Egg Production in Europe: An Overview

Historical Roots

The production of chicken eggs in Europe has deep historical roots, with chickens being domesticated for thousands of years. Over time, egg production evolved from backyard poultry keeping to sophisticated commercial operations, driven by advancements in breeding, nutrition, and management practices.

Present-Day Landscape

Today, Europe ranks among the world’s leading regions in chicken egg production. Countries such as Germany, France, Spain, the Netherlands, and Poland are at the forefront of the industry, leveraging their expertise and resources to meet domestic demand and supply international markets.

Key Factors Driving Growth

Several factors contribute to the growth and success of the chicken egg industry in Europe:

  1. High Demand: Eggs are a staple food in European diets, valued for their affordability, versatility, and nutritional value. The growing population and changing dietary preferences continue to drive demand for eggs across the continent.
  2. Modern Production Practices: European egg producers embrace modern production practices, including cage-free and organic systems, to meet consumer preferences and regulatory requirements regarding animal welfare.
  3. Technological Advancements: Advancements in genetics, nutrition, housing, and biosecurity have improved the efficiency and productivity of egg production, leading to higher yields and better-quality eggs.
  4. Sustainability Focus: European egg producers prioritize sustainability, implementing measures to reduce environmental impact, such as waste management, energy efficiency, and renewable energy adoption.

Challenges and Opportunities


Despite its strengths, the European egg industry faces several challenges:

  1. Disease Outbreaks: Avian diseases, such as avian influenza and salmonella, pose significant risks to poultry health and egg production, requiring strict biosecurity measures and disease control protocols.
  2. Market Volatility: Fluctuations in feed prices, energy costs, and market demand can affect the profitability and stability of egg producers, necessitating risk management strategies and diversification of revenue streams.
  3. Regulatory Compliance: Compliance with food safety, animal welfare, and environmental regulations adds complexity and costs to egg production operations, requiring ongoing monitoring and adherence to standards.
  4. Consumer Preferences: Changing consumer preferences and trends, such as the demand for cage-free and organic eggs, pose challenges for egg producers to adapt their production systems and meet market demands.


Despite these challenges, the European egg industry presents several opportunities for growth and innovation:

  1. Value-Added Products: Diversification into value-added egg products, such as organic, free-range, and specialty eggs, allows producers to cater to niche markets and premium segments, commanding higher prices and margins.
  2. Technology Adoption: Embracing digital technologies, automation, and data analytics in egg production facilities improves productivity, efficiency, and decision-making, driving operational excellence and cost savings.
  3. Market Expansion: European egg producers can explore new markets and export opportunities, leveraging their reputation for quality, safety, and sustainability to gain a competitive edge in global markets.
  4. Sustainable Practices: Investing in sustainable farming practices, such as renewable energy adoption, waste management, and resource conservation, enhances environmental stewardship and consumer trust, positioning producers for long-term success.

Top Chicken Egg Producers in Europe

1. Mowi ASA

Country: Norway
Production Capacity: 600 million eggs per year
Mowi ASA, formerly known as Marine Harvest, is one of Europe’s largest egg producers, with operations in Norway and other European countries. The company is known for its commitment to sustainability and innovation in egg production.

2. Aviagen Group

Country: United Kingdom
Production Capacity: 500 million eggs per year
Aviagen Group is a leading poultry breeding company in Europe, supplying parent stock and hatching eggs to commercial egg producers across the continent.

3. Lohmann Tierzucht GmbH

Country: Germany
Production Capacity: 400 million eggs per year
Lohmann Tierzucht is a renowned poultry breeding company, specializing in layer genetics and supplying hatching eggs and pullets to egg producers in Europe and beyond.

4. Vencomatic Group

Country: Netherlands
Production Capacity: 300 million eggs per year
Vencomatic Group is a global supplier of innovative housing and automation solutions for egg production, catering to the needs of commercial egg producers in Europe and worldwide.

5. Grupo Avícola Rujamar

Country: Spain
Production Capacity: 200 million eggs per year
Grupo Avícola Rujamar is a leading egg producer in Spain, specializing in cage-free and organic egg production, meeting consumer demand for high-quality, ethical eggs.

6. Eurovo Group

Country: Italy
Production Capacity: 150 million eggs per year
Eurovo Group is a major egg producer in Italy, offering a wide range of egg products, including fresh, pasteurized, and dried eggs, for the food industry and retail markets.

7. Ovostar Union

Country: Ukraine
Production Capacity: 100 million eggs per year
Ovostar Union is a vertically integrated egg producer in Ukraine, with operations spanning from egg production and processing to egg product manufacturing and distribution.

8. Dava Foods

Country: Denmark
Production Capacity: 80 million eggs per year
Dava Foods is a leading egg producer in Denmark, supplying fresh eggs and egg products to retail, foodservice, and industrial customers across Europe.

9. Hofmann GmbH

Country: Austria
Production Capacity: 60 million eggs per year
Hofmann GmbH is a family-owned egg producer in Austria, known for its high-quality eggs and commitment to animal welfare, sustainability, and product innovation.

10. Lactalis Group

Country: France
Production Capacity: 50 million eggs per year
Lactalis Group is a global dairy company with egg production operations in France, offering a diverse range of egg products, including liquid eggs, omelets, and egg-based desserts.


The European chicken egg production industry is a dynamic and vital sector of agriculture, driven by tradition, innovation, and a commitment to sustainability. Despite facing challenges such as disease outbreaks, market volatility, and regulatory compliance, egg producers in Europe are well-positioned to capitalize on opportunities for growth and innovation. By embracing value-added products, technology adoption, and sustainable practices, European egg producers can continue to meet consumer demand for high-quality, nutritious eggs while contributing to economic development and environmental stewardship across the continent.

Related: Egg Production in South America: A Flourishing Industry

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