The poultry sector is one of the most integrated sectors in Turkey. In 2023, Turkey’s poultry production is estimated to increase by 9%, consumption by 5% and exports by 15%.

The poultry sector, with chicken representing 99% of total production, is the country’s most important source of protein. The sector faces ongoing challenges such as high production costs, high reliance on foreign inputs, declining per capita consumption, and export problems due to political and economic turmoil in neighboring countries.

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Turkish chicken production

In 2021, Turkey produced 22.5 billion tons of chicken and 19.3 billion eggs, down 2.4% from the previous year. This is due to high feed prices and herd culling following the closure of Iraqi export markets, where Turkish egg exports resumed from mid-2022. Turkey’s chicken production is estimated to increase by 10% to 2.46 million tons in 2022, despite rising feed prices. This is primarily due to a more efficient supply of embryonated eggs and day-old chicks, as well as increased demand from overseas.

In 2022, imports of breeding stock increased by 12% of his, mostly used domestically, but 2% of his increase was re-exported as hatching eggs to Iraq and Russia.

In 2023, Turkey’s chicken production is expected to grow by 9% to 2.68 million tonnes as export demand is relatively stable and domestic consumption is expected to rise slightly.

In 2021, Turkey produced her 5.5 million tons of broiler feed and her 3.7 million tons of layer feed. Corn and soybeans are the main ingredients in local broiler feed. Turkey grows both crops, but imports a significant portion to meet demand.

Chicken consumption in 2023 is projected to be 1.7 million tonnes, 5% higher than in 2022.

Chicken consumption in 2021 was similar to 2020 due to lack of growth due to his Covid-19 measures such as the spring curfew and summer travel restrictions.

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Turkey Poultry Trade

Turkey does not import chicken for domestic consumption, but the country serves as a major transshipment point to the Middle East, mainly Iraq (80%) and Syria (20%).

Besides milk cream and sea bass, poultry meat is among the top three exported animal products in Turkey. Restrictions imposed by importing countries due to his HPAI case in Turkey are not only one of the major negative factors affecting Turkey’s poultry export market, but also political and economic turmoil in neighboring countries have led to It creates uncertainty for contracting exporters.

In 2021, Turkey will export 26% of total poultry production (98.2% chicken and 1.8% turkey meat), with poultry exports (excluding legs) reaching 563,274 tonnes (equivalent to US$857 million).

Poultry exports in 2022 are estimated to reach 860,000 tonnes, 52% higher than in 2021 (until the May 2022 market closure) due to strong export demand, especially from Iraq and Iran. 989,000 tons, up 15%.

When it comes to chicken feet, China is a big export market for Turkey, along with Uzbekistan, Thailand, Syria and Iraq.

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Source: Poultry World

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