The 12th annual global feed survey conducted by Alltech has reported that world feed production has remained stable, with a slight decrease of 0.42% to 1.266 billion metric tons.
Despite facing challenges such as disease, severe weather, and the impact of the invasion of Ukraine, Europe saw the most significant impact. The global COVID-19 pandemic has also had a significant impact on the agri-food sector, leading to supply chain difficulties and an acceleration of the adoption of new technology and sustainable practices.
China, the US, Brazil, India, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Vietnam, Argentina and Germany were the top 10 feed-producing countries, with these countries producing 64% of the world’s feed production. Half of the world’s feed consumption is concentrated in China, the US, Brazil and India. Vietnam had a strong recovery in 2022, entering the top 10, pushing out Turkey and overtaking Spain.
According to the survey, there were some variations in feed production across different regions. Latin America, North America and Oceania saw an increase in feed production, while Europe saw a decrease of 4.67%, Africa by 3.86% and the Asia-Pacific region also dropped by 0.51%. Globally, feed tonnage increased in the aquaculture, broiler, layer and pet food sectors, while it decreased in the beef, dairy and pig sectors.
China, the United States and Brazil remained the top three largest feed-producing countries.
In the poultry sector, both the layer and broiler feed production increased. Avian influenza, other diseases and the high costs of raw materials affected the layer sector in many markets, especially in Asia, Europe and Africa, but an increase in demand for eggs due to challenges in other sectors helped boost growth in the layer feed production by 0.31%. In the broiler sector, feed production increased by 1.27%, with most of the growth seen in the Middle East, North America and Latin America.
The 2022 global feed production survey conducted by Alltech reveals that there was a decrease of 0.42% in global feed production, reaching 1.266 billion metric tons. The survey, now in its 12th year, included data from 142 countries and more than 28,000 feed mills.
The top 10 feed-producing countries were China, the US, Brazil, India, Mexico, Russia, Spain, Vietnam, Argentina, and Germany.
These countries together produced 64% of the world’s feed production and half of the world’s global feed consumption is concentrated in four countries: China, the US, Brazil and India. Feed production increased in several regions, including Latin America, North America, and Oceania, while Europe decreased by 4.67%, Africa by 3.86% and the Asia-Pacific region also dropped 0.51%. The aquaculture, broiler, layer, and pet food sectors reported increases in feed tonnage, while decreases were reported in the beef, dairy, and pig sectors. Pig feed production was down globally in 2022 by almost 3%. ASF and high feed prices depressed pig production in many countries.
However, in Vietnam, China, South Africa, Brazil, and Mexico, better pork prices and other market conditions led to growth in the sector. The dairy feed tonnage decreased by 1.32%, mainly due to the high cost of feed combined with low milk prices, which caused farmers to reduce their numbers of cows and/or rely more on non-commercial feed sources. Pet feed production had the highest increase among the sectors, with a global average 7.25% rise in production. This significant increase is largely due to the rise in pet ownership amid the COVID-19 pandemic. North America and Europe continue to be the top pet feed-producing regions.
In summary, the global feed production saw an increase in certain sectors such as aquaculture, broiler, layer and pet food, while it decreased in others such as beef, dairy and pig sectors. China remains the largest feed-producing country, followed by the US and Brazil. Some regions reported an increase in feed production such as Latin America, North America and Oceania, while Europe, Africa and the Asia-Pacific region reported a decrease.
The poultry sector experienced an increase in both layer and broiler feed production, however, avian influenza and other diseases affected the layer sector in many markets.
The pig feed production was down globally, but some countries such as Vietnam, China, South Africa, Brazil and Mexico saw growth in the sector.
The dairy feed tonnage decreased mainly due to the high cost of feed combined with low milk prices.
The beef feed production decreased slightly.
The aquaculture sector experienced a total global feed production growth of 2.7%. Pet feed production had the highest increase among the sectors due to the rise in pet ownership amid the COVID-19 pandemic.